Part 3 of the Common Core English Regents
Text Analysis: Exposition
*An expository piece of writing requires the writer to present a comprehensive description or explanation of an idea.
Steps for Reading the Text:
Step 1: Pre-reading: Look for the title, the author’s name and the date of publication of the text (which may be found at the end of the text) that you have been given to read.
Step 2: Actively Read: Read the text silently but at a “read-aloud” pace to determine a central idea.
The purpose of this is to read and comprehend at a deeper level the first time you read the text.
As you actively read the text, underline significant literary elements, literary techniques OR rhetorical devices (ethos, pathos, logos) that support the central idea. (You may not find them all in the text.)
Step 3: Identify the central idea: ____________________________________________________________
Step 4: Complete the attached chart outlining the elements, techniques or rhetorical devices.
Central Idea: _________________________________________
Analysis: How is the element, technique or device being used to support the central idea?
Step 4: Look at the chart and select the ONE element, technique OR device as the focus of your analysis.
Choose the one that best supports the central idea and for which there are at least three examples/quotations.
List the element, technique OR device of your choice: ________________________________________________________
Steps for Writing the Text-Analysis Response:
A. Introductory Paragraph:
Step 1: Hook: A general statement about the central that interests the reader in the topic.
Step 2: Identify the title and author of the text ANDintroduce the central idea and the element, technique OR device.
Step 3: Make an arguable claim about how the author uses the element, technique or device to support the central idea of the text.
B. Supporting Paragraph:
Step 1: Write a topic sentence mentioning your first example of how the author uses the technique.
Step 2: Include a quotation/textual examples to support your claim.
Step 3: Provide an explanation/analysis of your text-based example and how it works to support the central idea of the text.
You must repeat these steps so that you have provided 2 – 3 examples of how the element/technique/device supports the central idea.
Step 4: Provide a concluding sentence.
C. Concluding Paragraph:
Step 1: Restate your claim.
Step 2: Summarize the main points of your analysis.
Step 3: Write a concluding sentence that leaves the reader with an interesting
The New York State English Regents which is taken in 11th grade is composed of three tasks: Reading Comprehension (Task 1), Argument Essay (Task 2), and Text-Analysis Response (Task 3). The following will help you with the text-analysis response.
Text-Analysis Response Directions on the NYS Regents:
Your Task: Closely read the text provided on pages — and — and write a well-developed, text-based response of two to three paragraphs. In your response, identify a central idea in the text and analyze how the author’s use of one writing strategy (literary element or literary technique or rhetorical device) develops this central idea. Use strong and thorough evidence from the text to support your analysis. Do not simply summarize the text. You may use the margins to take notes as you read and scrap paper to plan your response. Write your response in the spaces provided on pages 7 through 9 of your essay booklet.
Be sure to:
• Identify a central idea in the text
• Analyze how the author’s use of one writing strategy (literary element or literary technique or rhetorical device) develops this central idea. Examples include: characterization, conflict, denotation/connotation, metaphor, simile, irony, language use, point-of-view, setting, structure, symbolism, theme, tone, etc.
• Use strong and thorough evidence from the text to support your analysis
• Organize your ideas in a cohesive and coherent manner
• Maintain a formal style of writing
• Follow the conventions of standard written English
Regents text analysis response outline and sample As given out in class, an outline and a sample for the Regents text analysis response
Helpful Websites for studying:
Literary Elements — definitions and explanations
Literary Elements Quizlet